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 Critical Thinking Chapter 4 - Language

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Emyrukenza Kaneshiro
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Registration date : 30/12/2008

PostSubject: Critical Thinking Chapter 4 - Language   Wed Dec 31, 2008 8:04 pm

In critical thinking, all you language must be precise and clear. Imprecisions can cause harmful damage to you - including misinterpretation, miscommunication and even affecting the strength of your arguments.

As the essence or gist of chapter 4, I elaborated on the need for precision in Critical Thinking. To ensure this, there are several language imprecisions to be considered:

Vagueness - Usage of words in a sentence that is shadowy or not clear.

Example:

Anyone behaving indifferently will be punished (How is indifferent?)

Middle-aged people are not allowed to enter (middle-age does not provide any specifics. 35? 50?)

Overgenerality - A scope that is too wide will not contribute to clarity, but otherwise.

Example:

A: Where are you going?

B: Out. (Where?)

Father: When will you be back, son?

Son: Later (When exactly?)

Lisa: What were you drinking at the party?

Siti: A beverage. (Pepsi? Liquor? What?)

Ambiguity – Using words that have more than one meaning will cause imprecision; or worse, miscommunication!

Example:

Atan went to the bank (river bank? Sperm bank? Bank (a local slang for toilet)?)

Newspaper ad: Dog for sale. Eats everything and especially fond of children. (The dog likes to eat children or likes children?)

Headline: Panda Mating Fails; Veterinarian takes over. (Veterinarian tries to resolve the problem by mating with the panda??)

by ilham suardi
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